Here are a few examples of how to cite online sources in MLA format. For a complete discussion and further examples, see Chapter 5, section 5.6, "Citing Web Publications" in the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.), located behind the reference desk at DML. If you have a personal copy of the Handbook, visit http://www.mlahandbook.org to create an account and access the full text of the handbook online, along with over 200 additional examples. Please note that URLs should be included as "supplementary information only when the reader probably cannot locate the source without it or when your instructor requires it." (p. 182), so most examples provided here assume that a URL is not required. When a URL is required, it is placed at the end of the citation using the same format as demonstrated in the Personal Web Site example below.
An Article from an Online Article Database:
Chaitlin, Julia and Dan Bar-On. "Emotional Memories of Family Relationships During the Holocaust."
Journal of Loss and Trauma 7.4 (2002): 299-326. Academic Search Premier. Web. 16 Sept. 2009.
An Article from an Online Periodical
Yi, Kei-Mu. "Can Vertical Specialization Explain the Growth of World Trade?" Journal of Political
Economy 111.1 (2003): 52-102. Web. 22 July 2008.
An Article from an Online Newspaper or News Service
Duke, Alan. "Kanye West Calls Swift with 'Sincere Apology.'" CNN.com. Cable News Network, 15 Sept.
2009. Web. 16 Sept. 2009.
An Online Book
Rennie, Bryan S. Reconstructing Eliade: Making Sense of Religion. Albany, NY: State U of New York P,
1996. NetLibrary. Web. 16 Sept. 2009.
A Personal Web Site (no sponsoring organization; optional URL included)
Sass, Edmund J. Geography Lesson Plans and Resources. N.p., 26 Oct. 2008. Web. 16 Sept. 2009.
An Institutional or Organization Web Site (corporate author)
University of Mississippi English Department. The Mississippi Writers Page. U of Mississippi, 2008.
Web. 16 Sept. 2009.
An Online Government Publication
United States. Dept. of State. Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs. Background Note: Iraq. Feb. 2008. Web.
16 Sept. 2009.
Here are a few examples of how to cite online sources in MLA format. For a complete discussion and further examples, see Chapter 5, sections 5.4, 5.5, and 5.7 in the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.), located behind the reference desk at DML. If you have a personal copy of the Handbook, visit http://www.mlahandbook.org to create an account and access the full text of the handbook online, along with over 200 additional examples.
Gup, Ted. Nation of Secrets: The Threat to Democracy and the American Way of Life. New York:
Doubleday, 2007. Print.
Higson, Andrew. “The Concept of National Cinema.” Film and Nationalism. Ed. Alan Williams. New
Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 2002. 52-67. Print.
David, Craig R. “A Perfect Marriage on the Rocks: Geoffrey and Philippa Chaucer, and the Franklin’s
Tale.” Chaucer Review 37.2 (2002): 129-144. Print.
Wasserman, David, and Alan Strudler. “Can a Nonconsequentialist Count Lives?” Philosophy & Public
Affairs 31.1 (2003): 71-94. Print.
Barron, James. “Broadway Stars, Out a Bit Early.” New York Times 18 Feb. 2003, late ed.: B1+. Print.
Kersten, Holger. “Tramps and Hobos.” American History through Literature: 1870 - 1920. Ed. Tom Quirk
and Gary Scharnhorst. 3 vols. Detroit: Scribner’s, 2006. Print.
United States. Dept. of Education. Office of Intergovernmental and Interagency Affairs. Helping Your
Child Succeed in School. Washington: GPO, 2002. Print.
The Heart is a Lonely Hunter. Dir. Robert Ellis Miller. Perf. Alan Arkin and Sondra Locke. 1968. Warner
Home Video, 2008. DVD.