Open Educational Resources (OER)

The 5 R's

The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) defines open education as ". . . resources, tools and practices that are free of legal, financial and technical barriers and can be fully used, shared and adapted in the digital environment."

The 5 R's are generally used to frame open permissions:

  • Retain
  • Reuse
  • Revise
  • Remix
  • Redistribute