Egalitarian Theory (relationship based)
A well-ordered society is one which has institutions that enable individuals with conflicting ends to interact in a mutually beneficial way. A just or morally upright person is one who always does what is morally right and obeys the law; justice consists of taking only a proper share of some good. An unjust person is, thus, a grasping person who takes too much wealth, honor, or other benefit that society offers, or a shirker who refuses to bear a fair share of some burden.
How do we know how to treat individuals equally? We make the decision standing behind a "veil of ignorance." Ask yourself:
If I didn't know anything about myself (e.g., my talents, intelligence, and skills) and I had to devise, for example, a compensation plan for employees, what criteria would I use?
Most likely, according to the Egalitarian, I'd want a corporate environment that rewarded everyone equally just to ensure that I was rewarded!