Here are a few examples of how to cite online sources in AMA format. For a complete discussion and further examples, see section 3.15, “Electronic References” in the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th ed.), located behind the Reference Desk at DML. Please note that specific abbreviations are required for journal titles, so you must consult the manual when in doubt.
An Article with a DOI (with continuous pagination through a volume)
Lynch D, Ferraro M, Krol J, Trudell CM, Christos P, Volpe BT. Continuous passive motion improves shoulder joint integrity following stroke. Clin Rehabil. 2005;19:594-599. doi:10.1191/0269215505cr901oa.
An Article with no DOI (with new pagination in each issue)
Pasero C, McCaffery M. No self-report means no pain-intensity rating: assessing pain in patients who cannot provide a report. Am J Nurs. October 2005;105:50-53. http://www.nursingcenter.com/pdf.asp?AID=604773. Accessed August 19, 2009.
An Article with no DOI (with continuous pagination through a volume)
Schulman SP, Becker LC, Kass DA, et al. L-Arginine therapy in acute myocardial infarction: the Vascular Interaction with Age in Myocardial Infarction (VINTAGE MI) randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2006;295:58-64. http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/295/1/58. Accessed August 19, 2009.
An Online Book
Spiegelhalter DJ, Abrams KR, Myles, JP. Bayesian Approaches to Clinical Trials and Health-care Evaluation. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons; 2004. http://www.netlibrary.com. Accessed August 19, 2009.
American Physical Therapy Association. Code of ethics. http://www.apta.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Ethics_and_Legal_Issues1&TEMPLATE=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&CONTENTID=21760. Accessed August 19, 2009.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Calcium and bone health. http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/everyone/basics/vitamins/calcium.html. Updated December 3, 2008. Accessed August 19, 2009.
Here are a few examples of how to cite books, articles, and other sources in AMA format. For a complete discussion and further examples, see sections 3.11 - 3.13 in the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th ed.), located behind the Reference Desk at DML. Please note that specific abbreviations are required for journal titles, so you must consult the manual when in doubt.
Levangie PK, Norkin CC. Joint Structure and Function: A Comprehensive Analysis. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis Co.; 2005.
Boissonnault WG, ed. Primary Care for the Physical Therapist: Examination and Triage. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders; 2005.
Willms DG, Johnson NA, White NA. A qualitative study of family practice physician health promotion activities. In: Miller WL, Crabtree BF, eds. Doing Qualitative Research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications; 1992:189-204.
Journal Articles (with continuous pagination throughout a volume)
Cheah GM, Martens, KH. Coumadin knowledge deficits: do recently hospitalized patients know how to safely manage the medication? Home Healthc Nurse. 2003;21:94-100.
Journal Articles (with new pagination in each issue)
Veronesi J. After the crash: treating whiplash. RN. September 2005;68:40-45.
Letters to the Editor
Beasley JW. Primary care research and protection for human subjects [letter]. JAMA. 1999;281:1697-1698.
Design and Estimation for the National Health Interview Survey, 1995-2004. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2000. DHHS (PHS) publication 2000-1330.
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The library does not guarantee the citations created by the following services. It is suggested that all citations are thoroughly checked after creation.
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