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Writing, Citing, Tutoring, and Studying Resources: MLA

MLA Citation Examples

General Information for Works Cited Page

  • The term Works Cited is centered, and not bold, italicized, or underlined.
  • Double space all entries in the works cited and arrange entries alphabetically.
  • Apply the hanging indent to all entries: first line begins at the margin, subsequent lines begin ½ inch from the margin.
  • Include the following information in citations, as available, with the punctuation indicated:
    • Author.
    • Title of source.
    • Title of container,
    • Other contributors,
    • Version,
    • Number,
    • Publisher,
    • Publication date,
    • Location.
  • Always end a citation with a period, even when a URL is the final element in the citation.
  • Use italics (instead of underlining) for titles of larger works (books, magazines) and quotation marks for titles of shorter works (poems, articles).
  • For web resources, you may include an access date if the source is likely to change. Delete http:// from the beginning of web addresses.

Digital Examples

An Article from an Online Article Database

Chaitlin, Julia and Dan Bar-On. "Emotional Memories of Family Relationships During the Holocaust." Journal of Loss and Trauma, vol. 7, no. 4, 2002, pp. 299-326. Academic Search Premiere, doi: 10.1080/10811440290057701.

An Article from an Online Periodical

Yi, Kei-Mu. "Can Vertical Specialization Explain the Growth of World Trade?" Journal of Political Economy, vol. 111, no. 1, 2003, pp. 52-102,

An Article from an Online Newspaper or News Service

Flores, Rosa. “A debt-free college for students who struggle more.”, 2 Sept. 2016, Accessed 7 Sept. 2016.

An eBook

Demaria, Robert. British Literature 1640-1789: An Anthology. 4th ed., Wiley, 2016. Ebook Central,

An Institutional or Organization Web Site (corporate author)

University of Mississippi English Department. The Mississippi Writers Page. U of Mississippi, 2008,

An Online Government Publication

United States Dept. of State. “U. S. Relations with Belarus.” Bureau of Public Affairs, 6 Sept. 2016,

Print Examples


Gup, Ted. Nation of Secrets: The Threat to Democracy and the American Way of Life. Doubleday, 2007.

Book Chapters

Higson, Andrew. “The Concept of National Cinema.” Film and Nationalism, edited by Alan Williams, Rutgers UP, 2002, pp 52-67.

Print Journal Articles

David, Craig R. “A Perfect Marriage on the Rocks: Geoffrey and Philippa Chaucer, and the Franklin’s Tale.” Chaucer Review, vol. 37, no. 2, 2002, pp. 129-44.

Wasserman, David, and Alan Strudler. “Can a Nonconsequentialist Count Lives?” Philosophy & Public Affairs, vol. 31, no. 1, 2003, pp. 71-94.

Newspaper Articles

Barron, James. “Broadway Stars, Out a Bit Early.” New York Times, 18 Feb. 2003, late ed., pp. B1+.


Kersten, Holger. “Tramps and Hobos.” American History through Literature: 1870 – 1920, edited by Tom Quirk and Gary Scharnhorst, Scribner’s, 2006. 3 vols.

Government Publications

United States Dept. of Education. Helping Your Child Succeed in School. Office of Intergovernmental and Interagency Affairs, Government Printing Office, 2002.


The Heart is a Lonely Hunter. Directed by Robert Ellis Miller, performances by Alan Arkin and Sondra Locke, Warner Bros., 1968.



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MLA In-Text Citation

In-text Citations

When citing from a specific page in a work, include the last name of the author, and the page number(s). When referring to one work by one author, use the following format:

The Marriage-Go-Round is about the conflicting values of individualism and marital commitment in American culture (Cherlin 19).

When the author’s name is already clear from the narrative of your paper, include only the page number within the parentheses at the end of the sentence:

Kovats-Bernat found that street children are active participants in Haitian society and culture (6).

 When quoting a source, include the parenthetical citation after the quote:

 “For the children who live on them, Port-au-Prince streets are deeply personal and subjective spaces, as these children identify with the street as their home” (Kovats-Bernat 36).

When citing from an entire work, include the last name of the author(s) but do not include page numbers in the parenthetical citation (if using).

Additional Examples & Formatting

A work by two authors: (Hartmann and Slapničar 89)

A work by three or more authors: (Martens et al. 293)

A work by an organization: (National Center for Health Statistics 12-13)

A source with no author: If no author is available, shorten or abbreviate the title of the source so that it is easily identified. When using a title (or part thereof) in an in-text citation, place quotation marks around an article or book chapter; italicize a book title: (“Palau officially” 20)

An indirect source: If the original source is unavailable when quoting or paraphrasing a quote, write “qtd. in” before the author and page(s): (qtd. in Smith 54)

A web source: Follow the previous examples based on the author, if needed. Page numbers or URLs are not necessary in parenthetical citations for online resources. Parenthetical citations may not be needed for sources from the web.

A journal article: If in print or PDF form with page numbers available, include in the citation. If in HTML form or other digital form without page numbers, do not include them.



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MLA Formatting and Style Guides

Free Citation Generators

The library does not guarantee the citations created by the following services. It is suggested that all citations are thoroughly checked after creation.

EasyBib- Free MLA citation generator.

Mendeley- Free, downloadable "reference manager".

Zotero-  Free, open source tool to help you collect, organize, and cite your research sources.

KnightCite- Maintained by the Heckman Library at Calvin College. Cite in APA, MLA, and Chicago.

UCSU Citation Builder- Created and managed by NCSU Libraries. Cite in APA, MLA, and Chicago.

Reference Management Tools