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Writing, Citing, Tutoring, and Studying Resources: APA

Changes in APA 7th Edition

APA 7th Edition Citation Examples for Online Sources

General Information for References Page

  • References pages are double spaced with no extra spacing between entries.
  • The word References is centered and bolded.
  • Arrange all entries alphabetically by author.
  • Apply the hanging indent to all entries: first line begins at the margin, subsequent lines begin ½ inch from the margin.

Online Sources Examples

An Article with DOI assigned 

Nelson, A. M. (2014). Best practice in nursing: A concept analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies51(11), 1507-1516 

An Article with no DOI assigned  

Urban, E., & Palmer, L. B. (2016). International students' perceptions of the value of U.S. higher education. Journal of International Students6(1), 153-174.  

An Online Journal Article Not in a Database 

GunnM. A., Koeplin, J. P., Lorton Jr., P. V., Kane, K., & Masterson, N. (2016). The presence of Jesuit values in a selection of University of San Francisco courses: The students’ perspective. Jesuit Higher Education: A Journal5(1), 55-75.


An Article from a Newspaper or News Service 

Davis, J. H. (2015Dec 10). President Obama signs into law a rewrite of No Child Left Behind. The New York Times. 


Book or eBook 

Shi, L. (2014). Introduction to health policyHealth Administration Press.  


Web page on a web site with author 

Fagan, J. (2019, March 25). Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved September 17, 2019, from 


Web Site with Group Author 

American Psychological Association. (2020). APA Style. 



Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Culture. In dictionary. Retrieved September 9, 2019, from https://www.merriam 

Film or video 

MacCullochD. (Writer/Presenter), BancroftG. (Director/Producer), & Salt, S. (Director/Producer).(2010). Diarmaid MacCulloch’s a history of Christianity [Film]. BBC Productions. 

YouTube or streaming media 

Harvard University. (2019, August 28). Soft robotic gripper for jellyfish [Video]. YouTube. v=guRoWTYfxMs 


McDonald, G. (2015). Business ethics: A contemporary approach. Cambridge University Press. 
Book Chapter 
Roberts, J. (2015). Mindfulness for all in action. In S. Walker (Ed.), Psychosocial interventions in mental health nursing (pp. 63-80).

     Sage Publications.  
Newspaper Articles 
Pollack, A. (2016, July 16). New patents aim to delay generics of biologics. The New York Times, B1,  B4. 
Falola, T., & Jean-Jacques, D. (Eds.). (2016). Africa: An encyclopedia of culture and society (Vols. 13).  ABC-CLIO. 



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APA Handouts

APA Style Guides & Tutorials

APA Style Manuals

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.)

Call number: BF76.7 .P83 2020

Multiple copies are available in the Dayton Memorial Library. If you need assistance, please contact the Research Help Desk.

Free Citation Generators

The library does not guarantee the citations created by the following services. It is suggested that all citations are thoroughly checked after creation.

EasyBib- Free MLA citation generator.

Mendeley- Free, downloadable "reference manager".

Zotero-  Free, open source tool to help you collect, organize, and cite your research sources.

KnightCite- Maintained by the Heckman Library at Calvin College. Cite in APA, MLA, and Chicago.

UCSU Citation Builder- Created and managed by NCSU Libraries. Cite in APA, MLA, and Chicago.

Reference Management Tools